The US regulatory system has multiple regulators on the federal and state level, many with overlapping jurisdiction. The result has been both overregulation and underregulation – in some cases, the same entity may be subject to different (and perhaps inconsistent) regulation for the same activity, while in other cases certain activities may remain unregulated in the midst of a complex regulatory patchwork. Regulatory reform in the United States provided a unique opportunity for reform of this archaic and byzantine regulatory structure. Yet, remarkably, the drafters of Dodd-Frank Act – an 849-page bill that includes 400 rulemaking requirements, implicates 25 regulators and creates 2 new ones – perpetuated many of these flaws. This Article focuses on one of the clearest examples of complication in the U.S. regulatory structure exacerbated by the Dodd-Frank Act – the division of the regulation of securities, futures and (now) swaps between the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
Les auteurs souhaitent remercier Alexander Charap pour son travail de recherche ainsi que Thomas Clarke, Ruben Grouchka et Valentine Picant pour leur travail de révision linguistique.
1 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, Pub. L. no 111-203, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010).