This paper presents the challenges of China as a major creditor, its role in the international creditor community, and the challenges of the recent wave of debt restructuring. The share of Chinese loans and trade credits in terms of world GDP has increased since 2000. This expansion involves multiple actors and tools. Although the volume of loans is limited with respect to the Chinese GDP, China has become a key player in the creditor community, especially at a time when recipient countries face growing economic difficulties as well as liquidity and insolvency risks. Calls for restructuring have increased these last few years and Chine evaluates theses requests on a case by case basis according to loan terms, recipient country and project.